Category: Cyber attack

  • Cyber Battlefront: The Distributed Denial of Service Attack on Israel’s Internet Infrastructure During Military Operation in 2009

    Cyber Battlefront: The Distributed Denial of Service Attack on Israel’s Internet Infrastructure During Military Operation in 2009

    The 2009 cyber attack on Israel’s internet infrastructure was a significant event in the history of cyber attacks. During a military operation in the Gaza Strip, Israel’s internet infrastructure came under attack from a massive botnet consisting of at least 5 million computers. The hackers targeted government websites with a Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS)…

  • The TJX Hack: A Case Study in Retail Cybersecurity

    The TJX Hack: A Case Study in Retail Cybersecurity

    The TJX Companies, Inc. hack, which occurred in 2007, remains one of the largest and most impactful data breaches in history. The retail giant, which owns popular brands such as T.J. Maxx, Marshalls, and HomeGoods, was targeted by a group of cybercriminals who were able to steal sensitive information belonging to millions of customers. The incident…

  • From Breach to Recovery: The Pentagon’s Operation Buckshot Yankee and the 2008 Cyber Attack on DOD and CENTCOM

    From Breach to Recovery: The Pentagon’s Operation Buckshot Yankee and the 2008 Cyber Attack on DOD and CENTCOM

    The cyber incident that occurred in November 2008 was a significant security breach that targeted classified networks at the United States Department of Defense (DOD) and U.S. Central Command (CENTCOM). The incident, which has been described as the “most significant breach of U.S. military computers ever”, was caused by a foreign intelligence agency that was able to infiltrate the…

  • The $9 Million WorldPay Hack in 2008: A Case Study in Cybercrime and Payment Systems

    The $9 Million WorldPay Hack in 2008: A Case Study in Cybercrime and Payment Systems

    The cyber incident at Royal Bank of Scotland’s (RBS) Worldpay in November 2008 was a complex and sophisticated attack that resulted in the theft of $9 million dollars from ATMs in 49 cities around the world. The incident, which affected thousands of businesses that use Worldpay’s payment processing services, highlights the vulnerability of payment systems and the need…

  • The White House Hack: The Impact of Chinese Cyber Attacks

    The White House Hack: The Impact of Chinese Cyber Attacks

    In November 2008, Chinese hackers infiltrated the computer network of the White House and obtained emails between senior government officials, according to a senior US official. The cyber attackers were able to access the White House computer system for brief periods, allowing them enough time to steal information before US computer experts were able to…

  • Stealing the Crown Jewels: The 2008 Oil Industry Cyber Intrusion

    Stealing the Crown Jewels: The 2008 Oil Industry Cyber Intrusion

    In 2008, at least three major US oil companies – Marathon Oil Corporation, ExxonMobil, and ConocoPhillips – were targeted by a series of cyberattacks that may have originated in China. The breaches, which were not publicly disclosed at the time, focused on stealing valuable “bid data” detailing the quantity, value, and location of oil discoveries worldwide. The companies were…

  • Election Interference through Cyber Means: The 2008 US Presidential Campaign Hacks

    Election Interference through Cyber Means: The 2008 US Presidential Campaign Hacks

    In the summer of 2008, both the Republican and Democratic presidential campaigns were targeted by unknown foreign intruders, who successfully hacked and downloaded the campaigns’ databases. The hacks were discovered by the campaigns’ IT staff, who noticed that large amounts of data were being exfiltrated from their systems. Further investigations revealed that the attackers had…

  • The 2008 Chinese Cyber Assaults on India: A Turning Point in Cybersecurity History

    The 2008 Chinese Cyber Assaults on India: A Turning Point in Cybersecurity History

    In May 2008, The Times Of India reported that an Indian official had accused China of hacking into government computers. The official stated that the core of the Chinese assault was the scanning and mapping of India’s official networks to gain access to content in order to plan how to disable or disrupt networks during a conflict.…

  • The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cyber Incident of 2007: A Case Study in Spear Phishing

    The Oak Ridge National Laboratory Cyber Incident of 2007: A Case Study in Spear Phishing

    Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) experienced a cyber incident in October 2007 where more than a thousand staffers received an email with an attachment that, when opened, provided unknown outsiders with access to the Lab’s databases. The incident was detected as a “sophisticated cyberattack” and authorities suspected that the hackers were based in China. The…

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